Some References for “Architecture Ethics”

I am waiting to obtain some consensus from my IASA peers with regard to the course outline.  Until then, I will talk obliquely about the content as it seems to be shaping up.  For now, let me give you a list of some of the references I will include these below.  I will also include references to some of the other classics, like Aristotle, Plato, Kant, and Hume, but here are some interesting readings from modern times.

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Architecture Ethics

I am now developing an online course on “Architecture Ethics” for IASA.  Currently, I have defined the course objectives as follows.  The target audience are information technology architects and architects-in-training, primarily in North America and Europe although I hope that Asian students will also find it informative.  (My recent experience in China has provided me with a number of good examples for all students.)

My current introduction:

What do Love Canal and Barclays have in common?  In these very public cases, improper ethical planning arguably encouraged opportunities for immoral action.  As a professional architect you are in a position of leadership and trust, and are responsible for the ethical implications of your decisions and the morality of your actions.  You are responsible for the ethical planning of your daily work and long term career including the proper selection of projects, the identification of collaborative environments that can enable or hinder success, avoiding moral risks to employer and customer, meeting the challenges of regulatory and legal frameworks, and even for the determination of proper compensation for your effort and risks.  This course will introduce you to concrete skills that will help you recognize potential ethical failures in the practice of computing-associated architecture, strategies to mitigate or otherwise compensate for those failures, and ultimately, simply put, how to architect well.

After completing this course, you will be able to:

  • Identify some of your highest risk factors to project and career success, and strategies to counter them.
  • Identify financial impacts of ethical decision making in architecture.
  • Identify and communicate additional ethical considerations for your particular community, industry, employer, and job.
  • Effectively communicate the value of professional architecture.
  • Develop an ethical context, or “Collaborative Viewpoint” for your Architecture Description.
  • Understand why the ethical context is the proper frame within which you should understand everything you do as a professional architect, and why IASA exists.

Target audience:

  • Information technology architects, solution architects, and enterprise architects
  • Students training for a career in computing-associated architecture
  • Potential employers and clients of computing-associated architects

Redesigning PLC Development

For 18 months, I had been buried in the PLC (industrial controls) world.

My original mission was to “rethink” the approach to PLC software application development because the state of the art of these systems is perceived as dismal.  PLC systems are seen as infested with bugs, or difficult to document, difficult to maintain, difficult to expand, or some painful combination thereof.  PLC culture has encouraged “one-off” application development, disregard for re-use, disregard for team-development, and tends to be ignorant of or eschew automation in testing and debugging methods.  PLC development culture has not demanded the integration of the advances in software engineering from the past 20 years or so, both in terms of tools and technique.  It is amazing, for instance, how many PLC developers are ignorant of the concept of unit testing or even source code revision control.  The lack of this demand may stem from the intellectual insularity of the culture and innocent ignorance.

My original mission was to overcome the downside risks of the usual PLC development culture and create a new culture, a new development methodology, and new infrastructure that could bypass the usual shortcomings and help us create applications of higher quality than had been expected to date.  The implementation of this mission however is expensive and fraught with risk (e.g., time-to-completion risk), mostly because of the dismal quality of vendor-supplied tools that PLC developers have no choice but to use.  These risks were known from the beginning.  The check-writer’s tolerance for such risks were not known for sure however, only what they said they could tolerate was known.  The spoken and actual tolerance for risk turned out to be very different after all.  No one has been surprised.

Current Activities

I know, I know, this blog has been a little quiet.  I have been involved lately with fiction writing and maybe even a little game design.

Two short stories:

  • “My Wife”
  • “The Frog of Truth”
Now writing chapter 4 of my novel:
  • “Mercedes 10”
The I/T architecture ethics book?  I am in research stage with cognitive informatics, decision theory and behavioral economics. Understanding how and why human beings make the decisions they do is critical in software application design as well as business design, yet I am astounded at how little this set of related phenomena is understood by software and business designers.  I would say that, in some cases, the lapse is downright criminal.

Cognitive Entropy and Cognitive Informatics

In regards to my thoughts on cognitive irreversibility, I think the extant research favors the term, “cognitive entropy“.  I have a lot of reading to do, but I am not yet sure if my particular thoughts have been explicitly addressed.

An interesting paper, here:

http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=buy.optionToBuy&id=2009-22869-014

Also, here:

http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1020230

Apparently, the IEEE has an interest group on Cognitive Informatics.  See also, the International Journal of Cognitive Informatics and Natural Intelligence,

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/IJCINI/

Barry Schwartz and the “Paradox of Choice”

This could be an interesting read in both topics of cognition and behavioral economics,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paradox_of_choice

(note the section, “Why we suffer“, which corresponds to some of the notions I was throwing around in my previous article)

http://www.amazon.com/The-Paradox-of-Choice-ebook/dp/B000TDGGVU

A review and synopsis of the book can be found here,

http://andreagandino.com/journal/2009/cognitive-entropy-the-paradox-of-choice/

In short, we humans are not very fond of possessing too many choices.